Monday, January 13, 2020

Organizational Communications Analysis Women’s Resource Center at Norman, Oklahoma

The Women’s Resource Center was originally started in 1973 and 1974 during the winter. It was originally started by a graduate student who wanted to assist women who were in transition points in the life. This organization could not function without effective communication and to analyze the communication strategies of the organization can provide helpful information that could further improve them. This included those women who were looking for employment as well as women who wanted to return to school. Since its opening the center has developed many programs and services (â€Å"History.. † 1). There are many programs available at the Women’s Resource Center and these include WRC Victims of Domestic Violence Shelter (providing safe temporary housing to victims of domestic violence and their children); Rape Response Team (trained volunteers who are available to meet with rape victims at the ER); counseling (specialized for victims of sexual assault or domestic abuse); WRC Education Program (offers staff that speak in a variety of places for about topics having to deal with domestic violence, date rape, healthy relationships and other topics); Children’s Program (groups that focus on letting children express their emotions and feelings); Court Advocacy (court advocates to help women through the legal system); and WRC Cells (a program to offer victims cell phones at no cost in case of an emergency) (â€Å"Programs.. † 1-2). There are also some training workshops. The main one is SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner) Volunteer Training, a specialized trainin g for nurses to learn how to do forensic rape test kits (â€Å"Training†¦Ã¢â‚¬  1). Effective communication is one of those things that are important to how well an organization is run. The Women’s Resource Center in Norman, Oklahoma has a lot of strengths in their communications. They do a good job of training both their staff and their volunteers. They work with their staff on issues about communications and knowing when to talk and when to be able to allow others to talk as they are dealing with people in very difficult situations. They learn how to effectively communicate for the situations that they are in where there is a high risk to the women that they are talking to. This means that there is a lot of training put into the idea of communications for this organization. Their main strength in communication is the overall ability to communicate effectively with those who are in a tough situation. The reason that this works so well is that there is a great deal of things in the communication process (Lee 2). Knowing the communication process can greatly help how communications are for people. According to Lass well’s model of communication there needs to be an effect for the communication to take place. What this is saying is that what is being communicated needs to have a point and a direction. In this communication process the organization is trying to point out that women deserve respect and self assurance (Lee 3). The idea of effective communication for change is something that this organization does well. The organization has made a lot of changes in the past both the long term past and the recent past. These changes are effectively communicated if three major components are available in the strategy. This study by Larkin and Larkin stated: â€Å"Communicate only facts; stop communicating values. Communicate face to face; do not rely on videos, publications or large scale meetings. And target front line supervisors; do not let executives introduce the change to frontline employees. † This is an example of the effective things that Women’s Resource Center communicates as they use a strategy that shows that each level learns new things (Cheney 330). Some of the negative things that are done at the Women’s Resource Center with communications are that the trainings are not available to the public for information. They do offer some training seminars but in the end the trainings are not available as a program on the intense level. The communication process is not as well done in advertisement or getting the word out about the programs that are available. Another area that shows weakness in communication is the organization. There is not a strong organization in this company and there are many different people volunteering and/or working for the agency. Some of the areas that could use improvement include the areas of communication about the organization and throughout the organizations volunteers and employees. This meaning that they all could use better communication to communicate between one another. The idea as stated in the same study as above is that there is sometimes little credibility to the values could be one of the communication problems in this area as it would be a problem in communicating and that the upper management and board of directors have not had a very clear vision with the Women’s Resource Center as many things have changed about their main values and ideas since the creation of the center which could cause some confusion (Cheney 330-333). A second area that has caused some problems with communications in the organization has been a lack of employed resources. This means that there are a lot of volunteers who might not have the same standards to communicating needs as regular full time or even part time employees would have. In order to effectively improve these areas there would have to be a system set up which would give both volunteers and employees a chance to express their feelings and ideas without the fear of being persecuted and with the idea that anyone who is involved has an opinion that matters. The idea that communication is a big part of leadership and how well leadership runs is based on the leader’s ability to communicate effectively. In this case this would be an area for needed improvement (Cheney 205-206). There are many areas where improvements could be made in the communication processes with the Women’s Resource Center. Some of these areas are that the management could be give better support to all of the volunteers and employees alike. Another thing that could happen is that those who are involved would be able to voice their opinions and give a case for care. They would be able to effectively communicate their needs in a process that would be pre-developed by management as it would be something that they could use on a regular basis. This means that they would be able to better manage their communications needs by effectively learning how to resolve issues and discuss issues with proper communications. The theory of Schramm on communication and the idea that overlapping boundaries and experiences make for easier communications is key in the field and services that the Women’s Resource Center is providing. It is in this process that these workers and volunteers would be able to communicate better with the clientele based on whether or not they had shared the same or similar experiences in their past (Lee 3-4). The strengths and weaknesses for this organization were apparent when reading over the press releases and other information available about the organization. Also the writer observed the communication aspects while working for the organization prior to returning to graduate school. This was observed through being a part of the organization’s training and programs. It was also observed through understanding information about the programs and how they are communicated to the public. Being able to effectively communicate is very important in the field of social work and for social service agencies. The one area where communication is well done is between the staff and the victims that come in for services as the training programs in this area are very good. Therefore their main strength is being able to communicate well to women in tough situations. The Women’s Resource Center is an organization that needs to have superior communication skills in order to deal with the problems that are being affected on a regular basis through their organization as they readily do not know what is going on and sometimes are in need of being able to communicate in a more effective manner. One of the main problems has been a lack of communications through the numerous volunteers and employees and in the end it has been a cause for some communication gaps. The main thing that can be done to improve the status of these things is for there to be a better communications system in place in general for the organization. This means that the organization would have better communication between the management and the employees and volunteers. Some of these communication gaps are what are causing the down fall for this organization and are some of the leading causes of the overall conflict that is experienced within the organization. There are always going to be â€Å"inherent challenges† when discussing communication and workplace environments (Messersmith 1). In the end communication is very important in all areas of life and when there is effective communications in some areas it lends hope to the idea that there could be effective communications in all areas of an organization. While analyzing communications for the Women’s Resource Center it is no wonder that there are many different types of communication used and it is no wonder that there are some needs for improvement. Most of the need for improvement falls on the overall board of directors and their ability to create a clear plan for what they want and what is going on within the organization. Without this they are not able to give back to the organization what is needed in order to be effective in their management and other skills. So what is needed is for the organization to work on their being able to communicate better within the organization through a set system in place for communications. This would mean that no matter when the individual was seen and whom she was seen by the whole organization would be able to help her in the future. Preparing basic short case studies and sharing them during a team meeting would be one way that this could be possible. Part of this is also being open about the organization’s needs. â€Å"Employees need to be aware of the challenges the company is facing so that they can do their part to help. † A second thing that needs to be done better is the communications that are given between the organization and the community, meaning that the community would be better informed in the future (Basili 2).

Sunday, January 5, 2020

Internal Isolation In Frankenstein - 1144 Words

Internal and External Isolation Isolation plays an important role in â€Å"A Rose for Emily†, â€Å"Spring and Fall†, and Frankenstein. All of these works of literature have characters that have experienced some level of isolation. The monster that Frankenstein created was put into isolation with the knowledge of a new born child. In the poem â€Å"Spring and Fall† Margaret experiences the same emotional isolation just as every child does. Miss Emily Grierson subjected herself to isolation and stayed alone in her home for the final years of her life. Like Emily, Frankenstein ingrained himself into isolation for the sake of his studies. All of these characters have one thing in common, isolation. Everybody has a sense of isolation mentally or physically†¦show more content†¦The monster has created the idea that if someone is isolated both mentally and physically they will go insane. In the short story â€Å"A Rose for Emily† Miss Emily Grierson is isolated from her town for the last decade of her life. She had become the crazy lady of the town. Emily was not able to deal with the changes that happened around her. She couldn’t handle losing her father and husband at the same time. The Griersons were known for being â€Å"a little too high for what they really were† (Faulkner). Emily belonged to a different time and place but was stuck inside of her house instead. Emily and the monster were both shunned from their societies. While there were â€Å"incredible changes in the world around her she was simply left behind as an anachronism† (Skei). Just like Emily the monster was also isolated from the society around him. As soon as he went into public people were afraid. At the end of both stories it was obvious that an extended period of isolation makes people do crazy things. Even though the similarities between the monster and Miss Emily are significant, they have some major differences. The monster was born alone and will most likely die alone in Frankenstein. Miss Emily Grierson was born into a wealthy family and also died alone. The difference in these circumstances was that the monster had no choice. He was left alone as soon as he was created. Emily, on the other hand, chose isolation. Emily refused â€Å"toShow MoreRelatedFrankenstein, By Mary Shelley1664 Words   |  7 PagesThe novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is one revolving around Victor Frankenstein, a young and brilliant scientist with an almost obsessive fascination with the secret of life. Finally, while working alone in his laboratory one night, he creates what he wanted--a living being out of the organs of a dead man. The monstrous creation at first is gentle and loving, but is soon forced to hide away from society due to humankind’s fear of its appearance. The monster is enraged, and seeks to take revengeRead MoreInfluence of The Metamorphoses and Paradise Lost in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley891 Words   |à ‚  4 PagesInfluence of The Metamorphoses and Paradise Lost in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Frankenstein, possibly Mary Wollstonecraft Shelleys most well-known work, is considered by some to be the greatest Gothic Romance Novel. Due to her marriage to Percy Bysshe Shelley and close friendship with other prolific Romantic authors and poets, namely Lord Byron, Shelleys works permeate with Romantic themes and references. Also present in Frankenstein are obvious allusions to The Metamorphoses by OvidRead MoreThe Tragic Outcome Of The Monstrous Isolation Frankenstein And The Monster Suffer929 Words   |  4 PagesNow the final facet to discuss is the tragic outcome of the monstrous isolation Frankenstein and the Monster suffer--their demise. It is a twofold blow of a personal inability to escape isolation’s grasp coupled with zero chance of outside help because of the isolation that sends both inexorably to expiry. The Monster simply wants to, â€Å"become an actor in the busy scene where so many admirable qualities were called forth and displayed,† (130) due to the lesson he learns from the cottagers but fromRead MoreMary Shelleys Frankenstein1179 Words   |  5 Pagespassion and become determined to perfect at what they do. They eventually become tragically doomed through creating their own individual moral codes by struggling with their internal battles within their minds. Mary Shelley pr esents us the first persona of a romantic hero through Victor Frankenstein in her book Frankenstein. Shelley fabricates Victor as the main narrator throughout the book, along with Captain Walton and the creature, which Victor creates. Another hero during the Romantic era isRead MoreMonsters within a Young Girl’s Mind: Frankenstein by Mary Shelley1379 Words   |  6 Pages The interpretation of the young girl’s ghastly nightmare, fashioned by her own imagination derived the novel â€Å"Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus.† Mary Shelley began, putting pen to paper reveling her cautionary tale, a moral lesson hidden within a horrifying story that would awaken thrill and terror in her audience. Mary felt that if this was not accomplished, the novel would not live up to its title â€Å"The Modern Prometheus.† She relates to geographic elements that are subsequent the French RevolutionaryRead MoreFrankenstein, By Mary Shelley931 Words   |  4 PagesIn Fran kenstein, nature and anatomy are linked, and through an innate reaction, these differences are rejected. Despite the monster language skills, passion, and cognizance, society rejects him due to his ugly form. Several differences between Frankenstein and his monstrous creation exits, but at the same time parallels do. However, Victor is accepted by the society and the monster is rejected. Victor’s and the monster’s problematic childhood, both result in their mutual destruction. The idea ofRead MoreThemes Of Alienation In Frankenstein1294 Words   |  6 PagesThrough Frankenstein by Mary Shelley as well as Skim by Mariko Tamaki and Jillian Tamaki, themes of alienation are projected throughout both texts. Frankenstein in comparison to Skim is one that must look over the different mediums used to portray ideas , furthermore, it is important to focus on the themes of exclusion and alienation present within both texts. In this essay, I will discuss themes of alienation thr oughout the two texts Skim, as well as Frankenstein with the consideration of: PetscheRead MoreFrankenstein and the Epistolary Novel Form1386 Words   |  6 PagesQ: â€Å"Examine the effect of the epistolary form of writing throughout the novel Frankenstein. Do you think the epistolary novel form of writing are an effective form of telling the story? How does the epistolary form affect plot development and character development?† Mary Shelly, the author of the novel Frankenstein, writes Frankenstein in epistolary form which is an effective way of integrating the reader into the story, introducing writer bias [character development], and furthering the theme ofRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein Or The Modern Prometheus 1710 Words   |  7 PagesFrankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley, is one of the most iconic tales of 19th century literature. Grandly displaying a mastery of psychological depth within the characters, the author portrays a flawed society inherent within their scientific progression. As such, the enriching tale draws many criticisms from the society in which Shelley lived in, some of which encompasses appearances, feminism, and class restrictions. Retold through multiple mediums, the story is generally seenRead MoreAnalysis Of Mary Shelley s Frankenstein 1407 Words   |  6 Pagessizzling, yet controversial novel Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley invites th e reader into a science lab to study the unknown, which goes against the norm of society. Studying the unknown has the opportunity to create unpredictable and irreversible outcomes, along with internal conflicts with morals and ethics. Based on evidence proven in the novel, scientists should not study the unknown due to foreseeable actions and results. Mary Shelley wrote the novel Frankenstein as a warning to human society

Saturday, December 28, 2019

Addressing The Shortage Of Organ Donors - 981 Words

Addressing the Shortage of Organ Donors. More than 110,000 people are on waiting lists for organs they may not ever get in time (mantel). This has caused an organ black market in which people are trading their or other individuals’ organs for illegal money. In case making criminals out of normal people. In 2009, the FBI arrested a Brooklyn rabbi for illegal organ trade, he was buying organs from overseas for a mere ten thousand dollars and selling here in the black market for upwards of one hundred sixty thousand (Krauthammer). An organ trade of some sort needs to become legal and people need chances to be compensated for their organs. Also with the market becoming legal, patients will be in better hands pre-operation and post-operation. The system has more loop holes in it than anyone can handle. For example a person can show up to the hospital being willing to donate an organ and as far as the doctors are concerned it’s legal, but no one really knows if money was exch anged in some form (Glazer). Organ tourism has become an even bigger problem as well. Wealthy individuals needing some kind of organ transplant who are on the bottom of the waiting list here in the United States are going to other countries such as Turkey to get the organs they need. These individuals are thinking the entire procedure is legal but it is very possible the organs have been harvested illegally (Glazer) Studies show that in 2007 there were only sixty-four thousand six hundred sixShow MoreRelatedEuthanasia Organ Donation And The Effects On Organ Shortages1679 Words   |  7 PagesENG106 Professor Tiedt Euthanasia Organ Donation and the Effects on Organ Shortages â€Å"The shortages in transplantable organs worldwide not only leads to unnecessary death, but also to grave human right abuses though illegal methods of procuring organs† (Statz, 2006, p. 1).With the decrease in solid organs available, the demand for organs increase and fail to meet the needs of patients facing organ failure. The only options to receive an organ includes receiving an organ from a family member, begin turningRead MoreThe Organ Trafficking Epidemic Essay1111 Words   |  5 Pagesindividuals partake in organ trafficking which shows that organ trafficking is a valid issue that must be handled. As of now, U.S. citizens are not prohibited to buy organs outside of the United States by NOTA (National Organ Transplant Act of 1984). In â€Å"Can The Government Ban Organ Sale? Recent Court Challenges And The Future Of US Law On Selling Human Organs And Other Tissue†, Glenn I. Cohen states that â€Å". . . if a US citizen travels abroad to buy a kidney or othe r organ his act is not prohibitedRead MoreLegalizing the Sale of Human Organs1071 Words   |  4 PagesLegalizing the sale of human organs has become a very controversial topic in the last few decades. Transplant surgeries were becoming relatively safe to preform, which lead the transplant list to grow rapidly. The debate on how to increment the number of organs available for transplant commenced. Currently organ donations were solely dependent upon cadaveric donors and family members. This shortage has engendered an ebony market for organs sales. People are peregrinating across the country to haveRead MoreEthics and Organ Donation1598 Words   |  7 PagesEthics Analysis Paper Ethical Issues Related to Organ Donations In 1983 Dr H Barry Jacobs, a physician from Virginia, whose medical license had been revoked after a conviction for Medicare mail-fraud, founded International Kidney Exchange, Ltd. He sent a brochure to 7,500 American hospitals offering to broker contracts between patients with end-stage-renal-disease and persons willing to sell one kidney. His enterprise never got off the ground, but Dr Jacobs did spark an ethicalRead MoreAltruism Versus Morality : What Truly Matters When It Is911 Words   |  4 PagesMatters When It Comes to Organ Donation? In Sally Satel s â€Å"When Altruism Isn t Moral† discusses the problem with the outrageous expectation the healthcare system has for organ donation and reception. Satel says â€Å"it is lethally obvious that altruism is not a valid basis for transplant policy. If we keep thinking of organs solely as gifts, there will never be enough of them.† I agree with Satel; the social requirements that a donor has to meet before being able to donate an organ is too restricted andRead MoreNever Let Me Go, By Kazuo Ishiguro1714 Words   |  7 PagesWe ask a question of who we are as both individuals and as humans are brought up in studies of addressing the crisis surrounding this subject area of science in regards to clones. In the novel â€Å"Never Let Me Go,† by Kazuo Ishiguro he addresses the issue about clones and how they grow up in an institution meant to get the students ready to conquer in a human environment. Ishiguro’s novel â€Å"Never Let Me Go† se rves an approach to the â€Å"Cloning argument. In the novel a character named Kathy H was one ofRead MorePrevention And Treatment Of Blood Donation Essay1340 Words   |  6 PagesAccording to the NHS 120,000 fewer people joined the blood donor register in 2014-15 than in 2004-05. This is significant sd it means there is a lack of volume and variation of blood. Throughout this brief I will consider the current system, mark out areas in need of improvement and consider alternatives to combat these increasing blood donation in the UK. Currently UK donors voluntarily register to donate. However not everyone can donate. For example, you must be healthy aged between 17-65,Read MoreOrgan Of Organ And Tissue Donation1771 Words   |  8 PagesOrgan and tissue donation can be defined as the removal of organs and tissues from either a living donor s body or body of a patient who has recently died and transplanting the anatomical gifts into the body of the recipient (Frey and Waun n.p.). Donation has continuously verified itself in the science world as an exemplary form of medical treatment. Based on the advancements in donation over the years, one can expect further amendments to be made to the life-saving treatment in such high demandRead MoreThe Human Tissue Act 2008 Essay2256 Words   |  10 PagesBackground Currently in New Zealand the major law regarding the donation of organs is the Human Tissue Act 2008 introduced by the then labour government’s Minister of Health David Cunliffe. The bill received support from both Labour and National members and in its second reading received 115 votes for and only 3 votes against (while 3 members were not present for the vote) the three votes against can be attributed to opposition from 3 of the 4 Maori party members due to cultural values tikanga Ä -iwiRead MoreWaiting Periods For Organ Donation2493 Words   |  10 PagesWaiting periods for organ donation are mostly due to organ shortage. There are not many people donating organs to healthcare facilities and the once that do probably have defective organs that cannot be used by other people (Cameron, 2013). Organs obtained from cadavers are also mostly defective and therefore are not suitable for use by other people. According to research, organ waiting periods for organ donation are inc reasing every year. As the prevalence of certain diseases increase, many patients

Friday, December 20, 2019

Essay about Why Is Personal Identity Important in Lockes...

In his essay Of Identity and Diversity, Locke talks about the importance of personal identity. The title of his essay gives an idea of his view. Identity, according to Locke, is the memory and self consciousness, and diversity is the faculty to transfer memories across bodies and souls. In order to make his point more understandable, Locke defines man and person. Locke identifies a man as an animal of a certain form and a person as a thinking intelligent being. Furthermore, to Locke, a person has reasons and reflections and can consider itself as being itself in different times and places; and he/she does it with his/her consciousness (429). Basically, personal self is a particular body and personal identity is consciousness. In this†¦show more content†¦On the one hand, if in the past one lived by acting in a good way one hopes to be rewarded in the future. And on the other hand, if one lived by acting in a bad way one fears to be punished in the future. For instance, John acted in a bad way when he was 20, he committed war crimes; hence, he should expect to be punished for his actions. But Lockes analysis is not that simple; according to his definition of personal identity, people should be held responsible for their actions only if they remember doing those actions. Consequently, based on Lockes view, John should not be punished for the war crimes he committed since he does not remember what he did at 20. In this example, Locke does not punish John, who committed terrible war crimes, just because he does not remember. Is Lockes judgment fair to people who committed the same crimes but remember what they did? Or, is his judgment fair to the victims families? Lockes judgment is only based on whether or not the wrong doer remembers his actions; it does not take into account other importan t elements; that is one of the reasons why Lockes theory about personal identity has been criticized. Lockes view on personal identity has strengths but it also has several weaknesses or limitations. One important strength is when Locke states that a person should be held responsible for his/her actions if he/she recalls doing those actions. In this case, the personShow MoreRelatedEssay Personal Identity 1209 Words   |  5 PagesThe two positions of personal identity over-time consider whether we are ‘tracking persons’ or ‘human beings’. Through analysing Locke’s account of personal identity and his definition of a ‘person’, the first side of this argument will be explained. However in opposition to Locke’s theory, the second position that considers us as ‘human beings’ will also be assessed, as advocated by animalists such as Olson. In response to this examples of cases such as amnesia will also be taken into considerationRead MoreJohn Locke’s Theory of Personal Identity Essay1692 Words   |  7 PagesJohn L ocke (1632-1704) said ‘To find wherein personal identity consists, we must consider what person stands for †¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ (Locke, in set book, p. 275). Therefore, to recapitulate Locke’s philosophy on personal identity it is necessary to clarify how he inimitably used the term ‘person’ and consequently other words, such as ‘substance’ and ‘man’, which he utilized to form his philosophical ideas. Furthermore, his work on personal identity inspired debate amongst many subsequent philosophers and motivatedRead MoreEssay Locke vs. Williams1133 Words   |  5 PagesBernard Williams In this essay, I will be explaining John Locke’s case of the prince and the cobbler and Bernard Williams’s second description of the A-body person and the B-body person. Bernard Williams has the correct analysis of the situation where the body is part of self-identity since it is inevitable for us to fear future pain. John Locke claims that memory is the key to identity, so â€Å"as far [as] someone’s memory goes, is so far the identity of the person.† (Campbell) First, Locke explains theRead MoreWhy John Locke is the Greatest Philosopher of all Time1413 Words   |  6 PagesWhy John Locke is the Greatest Philosopher of all Time John Locke was a British philosopher and physician who lived from 29th August 1632 to 28th October 1704. He is one of the most outstanding of enlightenment thinkers, who explained many of the ideas that affect human life in today’s society. He is widely known as the father of classical liberalism, because of his emphases on liberty of persons by, restricting the authority of the government Jenkins and John (18). He is also regarded as one theRead MoreThe Philosophical Question Of Personal Identity1683 Words   |  7 PagesPHIL 2300: Beginning Philosophy 07 December 2015 Who am I, and How Do I know Myself? How the Philosophers Explain this Question of Personal Identity The philosophical question of personal identity is double faced. In this essay I am going to explain those two aspects, which are: first, what unifies my mental events at any given time, in other words what makes my mental events all mine, and secondly, what unifies the mental events over time, in other words, what makes me the same person as yesterdayRead MoreThe Inspiration of the Declaration of Independence1203 Words   |  5 PagesDeclaration of Independence? What or who influenced one of the greatest founding fathers, Thomas Jefferson, to create such an important document in our American history. To really understand what influenced Thomas Jefferson, we must understand some of the men who inspired him when creating this document. Its also important for us to understand the philosophies these men went by, and why Thomas Jefferson wanted incorporate their philosophies in his grand ideas. We also need to understand what was happeningRead MoreThe Philosophical Beliefs Of Substance Dualism And Modern Materialism953 Words   |  4 Pageswithout subjective interference of personal bias: â€Å"Accordingly, it is true that when I think only of God (when I look upon myself as coming from God, Fr. ), and turn wholly to him, I discover [in myself] no cause of error or falsity (para.4). This is an important evaluation substance dualism because the human body defines the â€Å"substance† of materialism and the human soul is part of the metaphysical/spiritual perception of truth through God. These are the important aspects of the dualism of the mindRead MorePersonal Identity Essay1292 Words   |  6 PagesThe issue of personal identity is one of the most rudimentary problems in philosophical thought. It can be thought of as the problem of explaining what makes a person at a certain time the same as a person at another time. Although it is generally, among non-philosophers, considered obvious that a person at one point in time is the same person as they progres s through life (for example, few would dispute that the James Joyce who wrote Dubliners in 1914 is the same James Joyce that wrote Ulysses inRead MoreComparing Socrates and Aristotle2586 Words   |  10 Pagesthings. This knowledge leads to an ability to be virtuous. As all people obviously follow what is beneficial for them, a well-informed individual will naturally and automatically become virtuous in the eyes of Socrates. To give more insight, it is important to examine the Socratic quarrel that virtue is considered to be knowledge in more part. The argument really has about two sections. The first re-expresses the idea that we have just conversed about. We are normally told that virtue is something thatRead MoreThe Enlightenment By Locke, Paine, And Kant1492 Words   |  6 Pagesdenied it but also saw its future, which is why he chose compassion over reason. Through Locke’s, Paine’s and Kant’s examples we can understand that there was nothing wrong with reason until society took advantage of it and made it unethical; its clash with faith and a person’s emotions is unveiled beautifully by Rosseau and that would be society’s definite way to go if we desired to stand by our moral virtues. Locke looked at the world from the point of view of his senses, and he wanted to understand

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Sixteenth-Century Vanish Painting in Venice and the Veneto

Question: Describe about the Sixteenth-Century Vanish Painting in Venice and the Veneto? Answer: Venice is considered as among the centers of renaissance art. From the earliest days, the artists in Venice have been inspired to record the dazzling effect of light on the bridges and buildings situated alongside the canals. The artists have depicted the hustle and bustle of the canal traffic along with the gondolas that are decorated for religious processions or secular festivals. In large paintings like the 'legend of St. Ursula' of Carpaccio, even the high-masted merchant vessels of Venice have also been represented that carried the luxury goods from Venice to other cities of the world (Fortini, 1996). Venice was also among the first modern States to commission a group of portraits for the chief administrators of the city. Of course only example in this regard than be given of the Doge Leonardo Loredan's painting by Giovanni Bellini. The art that was present in early and high renaissance Venice has been hugely impacted by the Bellini family. This family comprises the father Jacopo, the sons Giovanni and Gentile and brother-in-law Andrea Mantegna. A unique style of painting was developed by his family and their helpers. This style was characterized by the deep and rich colors as well as the significance of patterns (Bayer, 2000). The artists in Venice had a knowledge regarding line near perspectives and these techniques were used by them in their paintings (Davis, 1991). They gradually shifted colors and achieve variety with the help of light and colors. The trade networks also increase the movement of local painting practices. At the same time it also needs to be reviewed at the Venetian art is significantly different from the Florentines and this difference can be seen in a number of aspects (Bayer, 2005). While the focus in case of the brilliant Florentines was on space, shape and volume, the limited use of color for differentiating one area from the other and each area is specifically restricted by an outline in case of Florentines (Davis, 1991). As a result, it is easy to recognize the Florentine as color drawings because first they were composed and drawn in neutral thereafter they were applied by glazing over the drawings. The painters in Venice had adopted a completely different approach because they considered color as the key to drawing. In case of the Venetian painters, Allen was considered as a significant element and the use of color expressed the indispensable difference that was present in the social climate of Venice as compared to the climate of Florence. It was a city full of art, music and trade instead of the sole focus on science and banking being the main European trading center, there was more luxurious way of life present in Venice. The painters in Venice were able to portray their paintings with the help of the luxury in Venice and sumptuous and poetic use of color atmosphere and light helped them (Lowry, 1991). Moreover, the painters in Venice relied on the direct observation of nature, as well as the accurate study of the tones and colors instead of measuring and geometry which was used by the Florentines. The painters in Venice combined their works not by line but by tone and color . There was a meeting of Byzantine East and Gothic West in Venice. The paintings, sculptures and architecture that were produced in Venice in 14th and early 15th century shows the interaction between the two great cultural forces. While the prosperity of Venice can be attributed to the sea trade, it also provided the painters in Venice with extraordinary raw materials (Lowry, 1991). The artists in Venice started to acquire more knowledge and the study of navigation and astronomy helped them in achieving new explanations of the universe. As a result, it is not surprising that an awareness of this new aspect of reality was first of all expressed clearly in Venice. The expression of the new aspect of reality is visible in the paintings of Tintoretto (Ruggiero, 1985). For example the painting called "The Origin of the Milky Way" can be considered as a symbol of astronomy but at the same time, the whole arrangement in this painting is based on the idea of dynamic movement. A significant artist of Venice is Tiziano Vecellio. He was born in 1488 and became an artist's learner in Venice when he was a teenager. Soon he went to work with leading artists like Giovanni Bellini and Giorgine. He is considered as the greatest artists of Venice of the 16th century and the achieved international fame (Dunkerton, 1991). He was also the leading artists of the Italian Renaissance. He painted Pope Paul III, holy Roman Emperor Charles V and King Philip II of Spain. He is well-known for the extraordinary use of color. The approach adopted by them was very persuasive during the 17th century. He made significant contribution in significant areas of renascence art and painting (O.Malley, 2005). Titian created a number of portraits of the important personalities of that day. Between 1545 and 46, he painted two works of Pope Paul III and therefore he had to spend nearly 6 months at the Vatican for making these portraits. He traveled to the court of Charles V in 1548 when he went there to paint his portraits. A very beautiful painting that was done by Titian is known as the Madonna of the Pesaro. This painting can be found in the church Frere in Venice. In this painting, it can be seen that the Virgin is looking down past St Peter towards Patron Jacopo Pesaro was present on the lower left side of the painting. He was the leader of the Papal Navy and was successful in a number of campaigns against the Turks. This victory is considered by the Christians as their victory over Islam. In this painting, it can be noticed that the Pope has a coat of arms in the banner that is present in the left and also the coat of arms of the Pesaro family can also be seen. In this painting, there is also a prisoner who is wearing a turban and a soldier is also present behind the prisoner. It has been interpreted that the soldiers St. George because generally is considered as being victorious over evil. This painting is quite different because the donor is included on the left and the family is present on the right (Romano, 1987). At the same time, the painting is different because the Virgin is not present in the center but she is present on the top of the painting and is looking towards the right while Christ is looking down towards left. He notices St. Peter and also has a key at his feet. It appears that a notation was being made by Saint Peter regarding the people that are going to be allowed in the kingdom of heaven. In this painting, the rich and vivid colors used by Titian can clearly be noticed (Ruggiero, 1985). At the same time, it can also be observed in this painting that the spiritual figures are dramatic and also have movement. On the othe r hand, the donor and his family are calmed and only the smallest member of the family is an exception in this regard. Our beautiful and pure elimination of light can is also present in this painting towards Mary and Christ. References Bayer, Andrea. 2000 "Sixteenth-Century Painting in Venice and the Veneto", In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bayer, Andrea. 2005, "North of the Apennines: Sixteenth-Century Italian Painting in Venice and the Veneto." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v. 63, no. 1 Brown, Patricia Fortini. 1996, Venice and Antiquity: The Venetian Sense of the Past. New Haven and London Davis, Robert C. 1991, Shipbuilders of the Venetian Arsenal: Workers and Workplace in the Pre-Industrial City. Baltimore Giorgio Vasari, The Lives of the Artists, translated with an introduction and notes by Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella., Oxford 1991 Jill Dunkerton, 1991, Early Renaissance Painting in the National Gallery: Early European Painting in the National Gallery of London, Yale University Press John Shearman, Only Connect: Art and the Spectator in the Italian Renaissance, Princeton, 1992. Lowry, Martin. 1991, Nicholas Jenson and the Rise of Venetian Publishing in Renaissance Europe, Oxford and Cambridge, Mass Michelle O.Malley, 2005, The Business of Art, Contracts and Commissioning Process in the Renaissance, New Haven Romano, Dennis. 1987, Patricians and Popolani: The Social Foundations of the Venetian Renaissance State. Baltimore and London Ruggiero, Guido. 1985, The Boundaries of Eros: Sex Crime and Sexuality in Renaissance Venice. New York and London,

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Zinn chapter 4 Essay Example For Students

Zinn chapter 4 Essay As the British and Colonists were engaged in the Seven Years War against the French and Indians, the colonists were slowly building up feelings for their removal from under the British crown. There had been several uprisings to overthrow the colonial governments. When the war ended and the British were victorious, they declared the Proclamation of 1763 which stated that the land west of the Appalachians was to be reserved for the Native American population. The colonists were confused and outraged and the now ambitious social elites were raring to direct that anger against the English since the French were no longer a threat. However, the social elite was a miniscule percentage of the colonial population. As documented in city tax lists, the top 5% of Bostons taxpayers controlled 49% of the cities taxable assets. The lower classes then started to use town meetings to express their feelings. Men like James Otis and Samuel Adams from the upper classes formed the Boston Caucus and throu gh their motivational speaking, molded and activated the laboring-class. After the Stamp Act of 1765, the Britishs taxation of colonists to pay for the Seven Year War, the lower-class stormed and destroyed merchant homes to level the distinction of rich and poor. A hundred lower-classmen had to suffer for the extravagance of one upper-classmen. They demanded more political democracy in which the working class could participate in making policies. In 1776 elections for the constitutional framing of Pennsylvania, a Privates Committee urged the opposition of rich-men in the convention. Even in the countryside, there were similar conflicts of rich against poor. Several riots in the New York/Jersey area were more than riots but long lasting social movements to create counter governments. Rioters were breaking into jails and freeing their friends. Soon however, the lower-classmen started to turn to the British for support against the rich colonists. With the intensification of the British conflict, the colonial leaders started to think of ways to unify themselves with the rioters to handle the British. But the Regulators, laborers, petitioned the government on their grievances and as a result a large riot broke out in 1770 in a court.Riots against the Stamp Act swept Boston in 1767. The leaders instigated crowd action and at this time, 10% of the taxpayers accounted for 66% of the taxable wealth.This riot made leaders realize the dilemma and so the Loyal Nine was formed, a group of skilled laborers, and a procession, of two or three thousand, against the Stamp Act was organized in August 1765. Still the leaders denounced the processions actions and even when the act was repealed, a celebration was only attended by the non-processioners. In Britains next attempt to tax the colonists, troops were sent and friction grew.On March 5, 1770 British soldiers killed workers in a fight known as the Boston Massacre and anger mounted quickly. This led to the removal of the sold iers form Boston. There had also been soldier-worker skirmishes elsewhere. In 1772 the Boston Committee of Correspondence was formed to organize anti-British actions. With the Boston Tea Party of 1773, an action against the tea tax, the Parliament proposed the Coercive (Intolerable) Acts which closed the Boston port dissolved the colonial government in Massachusetts and led to the importing of troops. In other colonies it was clear to the leaders that they needed to persuade the lower class to deflect their anger against British and join the revolution. Men like Patrick Henry, an orator, and Tom Paine, author of Common Sense, relieved the tension between classes although some aristocrats were angered by the idea and didnt want the patriot cause to go too far into democracy. However, Paine strongly believed that such a democratic government could represent some great common interest. The Continental Congress was formed in 1774. After the battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, a small committee was formed to draw up the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Congress on July 2 and proclaimed July 4, 1776. By now most colonials had already experienced their feelings of independence and welcomed it. The Declaration included a list about the king holding a tyranny over the states. Some people, though, were omitted from the Declaration: Indians, blacks, slaves, women but i n the phrase all men are created equal, they were not deliberately included but included by the definition of men. It also states that a government is formed to promote the life, liberty, and happiness of the people and when so stopped the people may replace it. Some trace this idea back to John Lockes Second treatise on Government. .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .postImageUrl , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:hover , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:visited , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:active { border:0!important; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:active , .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67 .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc305cbb76b62fb589a4d62ec51977f67:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: To Build A Fire: Significance of Words Dying and EssayThe Declaration was introduced and read from the town hall balcony in Boston. Ironically a member of the Loyal Nine, men that opposed militant action against the British, read it. Four days later a military draft occurred and the rich dodged it by paying for substitutes when the poor had to serve. Rioting followed with the shouting of tyranny is tyranny let it come from whom it may.

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Ihrm free essay sample

Training, Performance Management, Appraisal and Compensation Issues. Introduction: IHRM HRM refers to those activities which organization does for utilizing its human resources effectively, planning of human resource, recruitment, selection, performance appraisal, compensation management. From the beginning of globalization, companies’workforce has been diverse and cultural issues are appearing. As a result IHRM emerged. International human resource management developed after 1980’s as a subject focusing mainly on what can be the opportunities and problems for MNC’s expatriation, why cross cultural issues are important for international companies and international aspect of HRM consists employee recruitment, selection, placement, performance and compensation management as well career development policies and practices. International human resource management covers the broader perspective on human resource management which involves recruitment, selection, placement and effectively utilizing employees of the company. IHRM encompasses: Managing employees in the MNCs globally†¦ (Poole, 1990; p1) Managing employees in the global surrounding and dealing with the problems that arise in MNCs operating in many foreign countries unlike working on behalf of foreign companies in own country or managing international employees in local companies†¦. We will write a custom essay sample on Ihrm or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Briscoe and Schuler, 2004; p1) The way MNCs manage their global employees to gain local as well as global competitive advantage†¦. (Scullion, 2005; p5) A branch of management studies which contains how human resource management are practiced and how it affects in cross-cultural situations†¦ (Peptone, 2006; p523) Issues of international management of people of MNCs along with issues of different parts of their organizations and comparative analysis Of HRM in different countries†¦. Stahl and Bjork man, 2006; p1) â€Å"Complex relationship between globalization, national systems and companies [which Provides us with] three distinct â€Å"levels of analysis† for interpreting and understanding HRM Strategies and practices [the globalization effect, the regional and national effect, and the organization effect]†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ (Edwards and Rees, 2008; p22) Management of employees in global and cross cultural context and comparative human resource management†¦. (B rewster et al, 2007, p5) Identifying, Selecting and Managing the Global Workforce While talking about the global workforce, the term â€Å"expatriate† is largely been used in IHRM in an article in the management of human resource literature. Kobrin(1988) discussed that US multinational enterprises were minimizing the number of international assignees to reduce cost and because of the high failure of expatriate. Some years later, it seemed that this idea doesn’t reflect the current practices of MNEs. According to the 2002 survey carried out by the consulting firm (ORC); from a sample of 775 MNEs the most common pattern among the majority of these companies, including the North Americans, is an increasing use of employees sending overseas. An expatriate is an employee who works for the company he/she represents for certain time period in overseas. There are abundant numbers of studies about the way organizations manage their pool of expatriates. The studies cover different areas: selection, training, relocation and adjustment, pay and performance, career development and return. Reasons for Expatriation: According to the Black et al. 1992), an expatriate has major three strategic roles. They are Monitoring (management function), transferring skills and knowledge, managerial development. Edstorm and Galbraith (1977) discussed that role of expatriate rely on the foreign strategy of the company. Companies going global used expatriates for coordination, while companies adopting multi-d omestic strategy used expatriate for controlling. In implementer subsidiaries, which apply the resources developed in the headquarters or other units of the organization to a specific geographic area, use expatriates mainly for the transfer of the skill and knowledge. On the other hand, globally integrated subsidiaries, which develops new expertise using the resources generated in other subsidiaries or in the headquarters, use expatriate for the coordination along with the transfer of knowledge. The other reason may include the trustworthiness of expatriates to increase the channel of communication between headquarter and subsidiaries and to ensure that head-office interests are well represented in the subsidiary. Strategic Choices in Expatriate Selection: The selection of expatriates may be on the basis of internal recruitment vs. xternal recruitment, team vs. individual assignments or on the basis of the incentives offered by the organization such as tangible or monetary reward or intrinsic rewards which may include the opportunity for professional development, security or recognition. Managing the Expats: * International assignment for the valid reasons: Assignees are allocated mainly to meet the business demands companies with effective expatr iation look at their international assignment from the long term perspective. Companies expect their expats to gain new ideas which are beneficial for the company or earn skills to lead the market. Companies expect their expats to gain new ideas which are beneficial for the company or earn skills to lead the market. Example 1: Nokia, one of the leading mobile phone manufacturing companies effectively use international assignment to generate knowledge. It has 36 Nokia centers in 11 countries. Upper level forms a team of capable employees n they are assigned in R n D center for creating a new product. The most important thing that matters is executives should be aware of the reason for IA which also helps to gain knowledge and skills for the employee and the company. Furthermore; this awareness should also be in an employee. * Sending the right employee: Employees who are sent on foreign assignments often find difficulty to adapt in new culture. Suppose. Manager of an American car manufacturing company was send to Korea because of his working style in America, Koreans, not only found it offensive, but they would not even speak directly to him. * Repatriation and Career Management: It is seen that companies are finding difficulty in managing the repatriates. For example, the position is not clearly defined after repatriation and they are given the less authority in their country. Employees find themselves in the â€Å"holding pattern† after their return to the company (Harvey,1989;Feldman and Thomas,1992;welch 1994;gregersen amp; black,1996;kamoche,1997;selmer,1999). In addition, the expatriate Sometimes, they may feel that they may not be able to cope up with the changes in their country which is called reverse culture shock (Black, 1992; Forster, 1994). It has been reported that 10–25% of the expatriates leave their company within 1 year after repatriation (Black, 1992; Solomon, 1995; Black, Greger sen, Mendenhall, amp; Stroh, 1999). (Black, 1992; Forster, 1994). As per career is concerned, companies ignore the individual and professional development of the employees (Gregersen et al. , 1998). There’s a lack of international managers who can work in global environment. (Harvey, Buckley, Novice Vic, amp; Wiese, 1999). Companies lack knowledge of how international managers can be developed. (Selmer, 1998). There’s not enough studies conducted how international capabilities gained by the employees can be applied in his home country. Importance of Cultural Awareness: The cultural differences have been quite an issue in international human resource management. It is very important that human resource managers should be concerned about the cultural sensitivities. .Example 2: In Papua New Guinea, there was research on number of accidents happening on that region. Study found out that drivers who were responsible for the accidents were chewing a kind of nut. Chewing this nut was a common thing for that people. Therfore, it was decided that drivers are not allowed to chew the nut anymore associating it with the depressants such as alcohol, and were provided free coffee at certain locations. Managers did not know that the nut works same as coffee. This is an example recounted by Wyatt what works in home country does not work in another country. Coping with the cultural difference has been very challenging for MNCs. It has been a big responsibility for the firms to help staff and their families adjust in a new environment which can affect their performance as a whole. Training, Performance Management, Appraisal and Compensation Issues: Expatriate performance management: Nokia Telecommunication The effective HRM has been a key factor today for the companies to gain sustaining competitive advantage. Before the term performance appraisal was a standard to measure the performance of employees but today employees go through series of processes in which they are assessed which is called performance management. The case company is Nokia Telecommunications; Finnish based MNCs operating in the telecommunication industry . Nokia telecommunication is a company that has the largest number of foreign assignments with approx. 1200 expatriates for more than 15 years * Results of the research: The analysis revealed five different categories of expatriates as per job’s nature. 1. Top level manager:- They work in independent manner ant their performance is managed in distant way. They prepare their performance goal in common manner. 2. Middle level manager:- Some middle level managers were accountable to one or more superiors. Goals for the performance were prepared with mutual consent between employee and the superior 3. Business establisher:- They were particularly concerned about the gain and loss to set up new companies in another country having minimum goals. 4. Customer oriented expatriates:- They work on the projects for current customer and they rely upon the information provided for the goal of measuring performance on daily relationship basis with project manager. 5. R amp; D managers:- They are similar to customer projects. The difference is that they are physically proximal to their mangers. * Managerial Implications: This case underlines this point by demonstrating that despite the company’s standard performance management system intended for global use performance was managed differently. Therefore; one implication of this study is developing an expatriate PM system, a company should pay attention to specific situations and plans accordingly. Another implication is that companies may need to provide several PM tools for superiors’ and subordinates’ use. While standardizing the objectives of performance management, allowing diversity in the means and tool to achieve those objectives may be quite useful. In fact, the development of alternative PM tools may result in effective performance management. References Brewster C, P Sparrow, and G Vernon. 2007. International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD House Dowling PJ, M Festing, and AD Engle Sr. 2008. International Human Resource Management: Managing People in Multinational Context. 5th Ed. Australia: Thomson Learning Delery, J. E. , amp; Doty, D. H. 1996. Modes of theorizing in strategic human resource management: Tests of universalistic, contingency, and configurational performance predictions. Academy of Management Journal Haring AW and A Pinnington. 2010. International Human Resource Management. 3rd ed. India: SAGE publications. Harris H, C Brewster, and PR Sparrow. 2003. International Human Resource Management. London: CIPD House. Lazarova M, Michael Morley, and Tyson Shaun. 2008 â€Å"International comparative studies in HRM and performance†. International Journal of Human Resource Management 19(11): DOI: 10. 1080/09585190802404239 Mendenhall Mark, Gary R. Oddo, and Gunter K. Stahl. Readings and cases in International Human Resource Management. th Ed. Scullion H. 2001. International Human Resource Management. In: Human Resource Management: A Critical Text. London: International Thompson Business Press Schuler, R. , S. Youndblood, and V. Huber (eds. ) 1988. Human resource management choices and organizational strategy: From Readings in Personnel and Human Resource Management. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing. Tahvanainen, M. (2000). â€Å"Expatriate performance mana gement: The case of Nokia Telecommunications† Human Resource Management 39: 267–275. DOI: 10. 1002/1099-050X (200022/23) | | |